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Icons Images and Idols


Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. The City of God against the Pagans. Translated and edited by R. W. Dyson. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Basil, Saint, Bishop of Caesarea. On the Holy Spirit. Translated by David Anderson. Crestwood, N.Y.: New York: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1980.

Belting, Hans. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Translated by Edmund Jephcott. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Coomaraswamy, A. K. Coomaraswamy. Edited by Roger Lipsey. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1977.

Daniélou, Alain. Hindu Polytheism. New York: Bollingen Foundation, distributed by Pantheon, 1964.

Eliade, Mircea. Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism. Translated by Philip Mairet. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1961.

Florovsky, George. "Origen, Eusebius, and the Iconoclastic Controversy." Church History 19 (1950): 77–96.

Goblet d'Alviella, Eugène. "Les origins de l'idolatrie." In his Croyances, rites, institutions. Vol. 2. Paris: P. Geuthner, 1911.

Grabar, André. Early Christian Art: From the Rise of Christianity to the Death of Theodosius. Translated by Stuart Gilbert and James Emmons. New York: Odyssey, 1969.

Grabar, Oleg. The Formation of Islamic Art. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1973.

John of Damascus, Saint. On the Divine Images: Three Apologies against Those Who Attack the Divine Images. Crestwood, N.Y.: New York: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1980.

Kraeling, Carl H. The Synagogue. 2nd ed. New York: KTAV, 1979.

Lossky, Vladimir. In the Image and Likeness of God. Edited by John H. Erickson and Thomas E. Bird. Repr. Crestwood, N.Y.: Saint Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1985.

Moore, Albert C. Iconography of Religions: An Introduction. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977.

Nicephorus, Saint, Patriarch of Constantinople. Discours contre les iconoclastes. Translated by Marie-José Mondzain-Baudinet. Paris: Klincksieck, 1989.

Ricoeur, Paul. The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies of the Creation of Meaning in Language. Translated by Robert Czerny, with Kathleen McLaughlin and John Costello. Toronto and Buffalo, N.Y.: University of Toronto Press, 1978.

Theodore Studites, Saint. On the Holy Icons. Translated by Catharine P. Roth. Crestwood, N.Y.: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1981.

Trubetskoi, Evgenii Nikolaevich. Icons: Theology in Color. Translated by Gertrude Vahar. New York: Saint Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1973.

Ward, Keith. Images of Eternity: Concepts of God in Five Religious Traditions. London: Darton, Longman, and Todd, 1987.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Hydrazones to IncompatibilityIcons Images and Idols - Sacred Image, Icon As Revelation, Idol And Idolatry, Islam And Shirk, To See Her Face