less than 1 minute read



Berggren, J. Len. Episodes in the Mathematics of Medieval Islam. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1986.

Bonola, R. History of Non-Euclidean Geometry. Translated by H. S. Carslaw, preface by F. Enriques. Chicago: Open Court, 1912.

Bos, Henk. J. M. Redefining Geometrical Exactness: Descartes' Transformation of the Early Modern Concept of Construction. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2001.

Field, Judith V., and Jeremy J. Gray, eds. The Geometrical Work of Girard Desargues. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1987.

Fowler, David H. The Mathematics of Plato's Academy: A New Reconstruction. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Gray, Jeremy J. The Hilbert Challenge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

——. Ideas of Space: Euclidean, Non-Euclidean, and Relativistic. 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Hilbert, David. Foundations of Geometry. 10th English edition, translation of the second German edition by L. Unger. Chicago: Open Court, 1971.

Høyrup, Jens. Lengths, Widths, Surfaces: A Portrait of Old Babylonian Algebra and Its Kin. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

Jaouiche, K. La théorie des parallèles en pays d'Islam: Contributions à la préhistoire des géométries non-euclidiennes. Paris: Vrin, 1986.

Robson, Eleanor. "Neither Sherlock Holmes nor Babylon: A Reassessment of Plimpton 322." Historia Mathematica 28 (2001): 167–206.

Salmon, Wesley C., ed. Zeno's Paradoxes. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Gastrula to Glow dischargeGeometry - Antiquity And The Middle Ages, Modern Era, Twentieth Century, Bibliography