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Appiah, Kwame A. "Is the Post-in Postmodern the Post-in Postcolonial?" Critical Inquiry 17 (1991): 336–357.
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Bravmann, René A. Islam and Tribal Art in West Africa. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1974.
——. Open Frontiers: The Mobility of Art in Black Africa. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1973.
Carroll, Kevin. Yoruba Religious Carving: Pagan and Christian Sculpture in Nigeria and Dahomey. Foreword by William Fagg. London and Dublin: G. Chapman, 1967.
Deliss, Clémentine, gen. ed., and Jane Havell, ed. Seven Stories about Modern Art in Africa. London: Whitechapel, 1995.
Enwezor, Okwui, ed. The Short Century: Independence and Liberation Movements in Africa, 1945–1994. Munich and New York: Prestel, 2001.
Fagg, William. African Majesty: From Grassland and Forest: The Barbara and Murray Frum Collection, May 22–July 12, 1981. Introduction by Alan G. Wilkinson. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1981.
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Perani, Judith, and Fred T. Smith. The Visual Arts of Africa: Gender, Power, and Life Cycle Rituals. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Anticolonialism in Southeast Asia - Categories And Features Of Anticolonialism to Ascorbic acidArts - Africa - The Myth Of Primitivism, Functionalism, Structuralism, And "one Tribe, One Style", Beyond Sub-saharan African Art