Sound Wave Interactions And The Doppler Effect
Sound waves can potentiate or cancel in accord with the principle of superposition and whether they are in phase or out of phase with each other. Waves of all forms can undergo constructive or destructive interference. Sound waves also exhibit Doppler shifts—an apparent change in frequency due to relative motion between the source of sound emission and the receiving point. When sound waves move toward an observer the Doppler effect shifts observed frequencies higher. When sound waves move away from an observer the Doppler effect shifted observed frequencies lower. The Doppler effect is commonly and easily observed in the passage of car, trains, and automobiles.