1 minute read

Acids and Bases

Uses Of Acids And Bases

Many specific uses of acids and bases have been discussed above. Generally, strong acids and bases are used for cleaning and, most importantly, for synthesizing other compounds. Their utility is illustrated by the fact that three of the top 10 chemicals produced in the US in 1994 are acids or bases: sulfuric acid (#1, 89 billion lbs/40 billion kg produced), sodium hydroxide (#8, 26 billion lbs/12 billion kg produced), and phosphoric acid (#9, 25 billion lbs/11 billion kg produced). Weak acids and bases have specific uses in society which are so variable that the specific compound entry should be consulted.

Resources

Books

Oxtoby, David W., et al. The Principles of Modern Chemistry. 5th ed. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 2002.

Scorpio, Ralph. Fundamental of Acids, Bases, Buffers & Their Application to Biochemical Systems. Falls Church, VA: Kendall/Hunt, 2000.

Snyder, C.H. The Extraordinary Chemistry of Ordinary Things. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2002.


David W. Ball

KEY TERMS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Functional group

—In organic chemistry, certain specific groupings of atoms in a molecule.

Ionic compound

—A compound consisting of positive ions (usually, metal ions) and negative ions (nonmetal ions) held together by electrostatic attraction.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: 1,2-dibromoethane to AdrenergicAcids and Bases - Classic Definition Of Acids And Bases, Strong And Weak Acids And Bases, Brønsted-lowry Definition Of Acids And Bases