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Butler, Joseph. Analogy of Religion. 1736. Reprint, New York: Frederick Ungar, 1961.

Carnap, Rudolf. Logical Foundations of Probability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1950.

De Finetti, Bruno. "La Prévision: Ses Lois Logiques, Ses Sources Subjectives." Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré 7 (1937): 1–68. Translated as "Foresight: Its Logical Laws, Its Subjective Sources." In Studies in Subjective Probability, edited by H. E. Kyburg Jr. and H. E. Smokler. New York: Robert E. Krieger, 1980.

Feller, William. An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1968.

Fine, Terrence. Theories of Probability. New York: Academic Press, 1973.

Gillies, Donald. "Varieties of Propensity." British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2000): 807–835.

Hájek, Alan. "Probability, Interpretations of." In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by E. Zalta. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University, 2002. Available at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/probability-interpret/.

Howson, Colin, and Peter Urbach. Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach. 2nd ed. Chicago: Open Court, 1993.

Kolmogorov, Andrei N. Grundbegriffe der Wahrscheinlichkeitrechnung, Ergebnisse der Mathematik. 1933. Translated as Foundations of Probability. New York: Chelsea, 1950.

Laplace, Pierre Simon. Essai philosophique sur les probabilités. 1814. Translated as A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities. New York: Dover, 1951.

Li, Ming, and Paul Vitanyi. An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications. 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997.

Muckenheim, W., et al. "A Review of Extended Probability." Physics Reports 133 (1986): 337–401.

Popper, Karl. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson, 1959.

Ramsey, Frank P. "Truth and Probability." 1926. Reprinted in Philosophical Papers, edited by D. H. Mellor. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Venn, John. The Logic of Chance. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan, 1876. Reprint, New York: Chelsea, 1962.

Von Mises, Richard. Wahrscheinlichkeit, Statistik und Wahrheit. 1939. Translated as Probability, Statistics, and Truth. Rev. English ed. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

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Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Positive Number to Propaganda - World War IiProbability - The Formal Theory Of Probability, Interpretations Of Probability, Some Recent Developments, Some Applications Of Probability