2 minute read

Prejudice

Bibliography

Brigham, John. "Ethnic Stereotypes." Psychological Bulletin 76 (1971): 15–38.

Crosby, Faye, and Susan Clayton. "Affirmative Action and the Issue of Expectancies." Journal of Social Issues 46 (1990): 61–79.

Devine, Patricia. "Implicit Prejudice and Stereotyping: How Automatic Are They?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 81 (2001): 757–759.

——. "Stereotypes and Prejudice: Their Automatic and Controlled Components." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56 (1989): 5–18.

Dovidio, John, and Samuel Gaertner. "Stereotypes and Evaluative Intergroup Bias." In Affect, Cognition, and Stereotyping, edited by Diane Mackie and David Hamilton, 167–193. San Diego, Calif.: Academic, 1993.

Dovidio, John, et al. "Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination: Another Look." In Stereotypes and Stereotyping, edited by Neil Macrae, Charles Stangor, and Miles Hewstone, 276–319. New York: Guilford, 1996.

Duckitt, John. "Reducing Prejudice: An Historical and Multi-Level Approach." In Understanding Prejudice, Racism, and Social Conflict, edited by Martha Augoustinos and Katherine Reynolds. London: Sage 2001.

——. The Social Psychology of Prejudice. New York: Praeger, 1992.

Fiske, Susan T. "Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination." In The Handbook of Social Psychology, 4th ed., edited by Daniel Todd Gilbert, Susan T. Fiske, and Gardner Lindzey, vol. 2, 357–411. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.

Gaertner, Samuel L., and John F. Dovidio. "The Aversive Form of Racism." In Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism, edited by John F. Dovidio and Samuel L. Gaertner, 61–89. Orlando, Fla.: Academic, 1986.

Green, Donald P., Robert P. Abelson, and Margaret Garnett. "The Distinctive Political Views of Hate-Crime Perpetrators and White Supremacists." In Cultural Divides: Understanding and Overcoming Group Conflict, edited by Deborah A. Prentice and Dale T. Miller, 429–464. New York: Russell Sage, 1999.

Hagendoorn, Louk. "Intergroup Biases in Multiple Group Systems: The Perception of Ethnic Hierarchies." In European Review of Social Psychology, edited by Wolfgang Stroebe and Miles Hewstone, vol. 6, 199–228. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley, 1995.

Karpinski, Andrew, and James Hilton. "Attitudes and the Implicit Association Test." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 81 (2001): 744–788.

Katz, Irwin, and R. Glen Hass. "Racial Ambivalence and American Value Conflict: Correlational and Priming Studies of Dual Cognitive Structures." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55 (1988): 893–905.

Maass, Anne, Luigi Castelli, and Luciano Arcuri. "Measuring Prejudice: Implicit versus Explicit Techniques." In Social Identity Processes: Trends in Theory and Research, edited by Dora Capozza and Rupert Brown, 96–116. London: Sage. 2000.

Owen, Carolyn, Howard Eisner, and Thomas McFaul. "A Half-Century of Social Distance Research: National Replication of the Bogardus Studies." Sociology and Social Research 66 (1981): 80–98.

Pettigrew, Thomas F. "Reactions toward the New Minorities of Western Europe." Annual Review of Sociology 24 (1998): 77–103.

Pettigrew, Thomas F., and Roel Meertens. "Subtle and Blatant Prejudice in Western Europe." European Journal of Social Psychology 25 (1995): 57–75.

Sears, David O., et al. "Is It Really Racism? The Origins of White Americans' Opposition to Race-Targeted Policies." Public Opinion Quarterly 61 (1997): 16–53.

Simpson, George, and J. Milton Yinger. Racial and Cultural Minorities: An Analysis of Prejudice and Discrimination. 5th ed. New York: Plenum, 1985.

Smith, Eliot R. "Social Identity and Social Emotions: Toward New Conceptualizations of Prejudice." In Affect, Cognition, and Stereotyping: Interactive Processes in Group Perception, edited by Diane Mackie and David L. Hamilton, 297–315. San Diego, Calif.: Academic, 1993.

Stangor, Charles, Linda Sullivan, and Thomas Ford. "Affective and Cognitive Determinants of Prejudice." Social Cognition 9 (1991): 59–80.

Additional topics

Science EncyclopediaScience & Philosophy: Positive Number to Propaganda - World War IiPrejudice - Prejudice: Social Problem, Or Problem Concept, The Structure Of Intergroup Attitudes, The Varieties Of Prejudice