Other Free Encyclopedias » Science Encyclopedia for Kids » Ice to steam

Ice to Steam - Solids, Liquids, and Gases, Changing State

water fixed vapor material

Look at this picture of Earth. You can see the continent of Africa. The rest of what you see is water in the form of oceans, clouds, and ice.

Ice to Steam

Solids, Liquids, and Gases

The oceans are made of liquid water mixed with salt and other chemicals. The clouds you can see are tiny drops of liquid water floating in the air.

There is ice around the poles because it is very cold there. Ice is solid water. It is the same material as liquid water, but it has different properties because it is a solid.

The air around Earth is a gas. It contains water vapor. This is water that has become a gas. We cannot see water vapor.

We can describe all the things around us as solids, liquids, or gases. Each kind of material has different properties.

Solids have fixed shapes. They have fixed volumes, too. You would need force to try to change solids. Liquids do not have fixed shapes. You can pour them. Liquids have fixed volumes. Gases do not have fixed shapes or volumes. Gases spread out to fill the space they are in.

Ice to Steam Ice is a solid material.

Changing State

Ice, liquid water, and water vapor are three different states of water. You can change water from one state to another by changing the temperature.

If you heat ice, it turns into liquid water. This is called melting. Melting happens when the temperature is 32°F (0°C) or higher. This is the melting point of water.

If you cool liquid water to 32°F (0°C) or lower, it becomes solid. This is called freezing. The melting and freezing points of a material are the same temperature.

Ice to Steam

INVISIBLE STEAM

Ice to Steam Steam is an invisible gas. You cannot see steam. What you see when a kettle boils is actually tiny drops of water.

Liquid water can turn into a gas at any temperature. We say it evaporates. Evaporation happens fastest when water is heated to 212°F (100°C). This is the boiling point of water. When water is boiling, we call the hot water vapor steam.

When steam or water vapor cools down, it turns back to liquid water. This is called condensing.

Water and the Weather - How Does Water Get to Your Home?, Extreme Weather [next]

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

almost 7 years ago

I grew up on the cold and clear prairies and the ice on the roads and sidewalks would disapear even if the temperature stayed below freezing, what is that called ? I know there is a name for it !

Vote down Vote up

10 months ago

Thanks for the website

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

how to turn steam into liquid?

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

Hey

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

hi

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://packersmovershyderabad.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://packersmoversbangalore.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://packersmoverspune.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://packersmoversmumbai.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://packersmoverschennai.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://packersmoversdelhi.top3rd.in
Packers and Movers Gurgaon @
http://packersmoversgurgaon.top3rd.in

Vote down Vote up

2 months ago

Ice change in to water

Vote down Vote up

2 months ago

ice change in to water

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

thankyou!! this has really helped me understand more about the transformation from an ice cube to steam

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://packersandmovershyderabad.top3rd.co.in
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://packersandmoversbangalore.top3rd.co.in
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://packersandmoverspune.top3rd.co.in
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://packersandmoversmumbai.top3rd.co.in
Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://packersandmoverschennai.top3rd.co.in
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://packersandmoversdelhi.top3rd.co.in

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://ipackersmovershyderabad.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://ipackersmoversbangalore.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://ipackersmoverspune.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://ipackersmoversmumbai.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://ipackersmoverschennai.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://ipackersmoversdelhi.top4th.in
Packers and Movers Gurgaon @
http://ipackersmoversgurgaon.top4th.in